Consequences Of Inadequacy: Russian Operational Failure At The Battle Of Liaoyang In The Russo-Japanese War
West Point Press
"As negotiations between the Russian Empire and Japan foundered at the turn of the twentieth century, the two countries inched toward war. The Russian and Japanese governments had been locked in a power struggle over Manchuria and Korea, with the Russian Empire seeking to establish a warm-water base of operations in Korea. Japan interpreted the Russian effort to establish the port as an act of encroachment into their sphere of influence. War broke out when the Japanese attacked an anchored Russian fleet at Port Arthur..."
Polczynski, Drew. “Consequences Of Inadequacy: Russian Operational Failure At The Battle Of Liaoyang In The Russo-Japanese War.” Report: West Point Undergraduate Historical Review. Volume 10 (2020): 6-15.