Modeling the Effects of a Cyber-Attack on the Tactical Edge

Combat modeling involves opposing forces following set processes coupled with uncertainty to determine the winner. These models are built around traditional weaponry and tactics; however, cyber-attacks do not follow the traditional rules. Moreover, due to the very nature of a cyber-attack, it is difficult to model their effects, especially as it relates to a tactical mission. This study provides a simplified method to model the impact of a cyber-attack on a dismounted Army squad. Different pathways for the attack are identified. This method then assumes that the cyber-attack was effective and looks at the change in soldier performance as a result of the attack. In particular, it looks at the degradation of a soldier’s ability to shoot, move, and communicate. This degradation can then be modelled in the Infantry Warrior Simulation (IWARS) to capture the changes in performance metrics to include survivability and lethality. Two case studies are presented. The first looks at the degradation of a soldier with a hacked Facebook account that received personal misinformation. The second looks at a jammed surveillance drone that provides the soldiers with the wrong information.
cyber-attack, combat modeling, IWARS
Vikram Mittal, Gene Lesinski, and Matthew Dabkowski. "Modeling the Effects of a Cyber-Attack on the Tactical Edge". 2018.