Scaling of small-aperture photonic crystal vertical cavity lasers

Photonic crystal confinement incorporated into vertical cavity surface-emitting lasers (VCSELs) produces reduced excess loss as the aperture diameter decreases. The improved scaling enables a new topology of coupled vertical cavity lasers.
Photonic crystals, Vertical cavity surface emitting lasers, Threshold current, Apertures, Surface emitting lasers, Optical resonators, Optical scattering, Optical losses, Optical coupling, Microcavities
A. J. Danner, J. J. Raftery, U. Krishnamachari, J. C. Lee, N. Yokouchi and K. D. Choquette, "Scaling of small-aperture photonic crystal vertical cavity lasers," Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2003. CLEO '03., Baltimore, MD, USA, 2003, pp. 2 pp.-.