Democracy and Imperialism: Characterizations of the Athenian Empire
West Point Press
"Given that the periods in which Athenian democracy developed (following the Athenian Revolution of 508/507 B.C.) and the empire reached its further extent overlapped in the fifth century, the extent to which the empire was a product of the democratic system or vice versa has been the subject of vigorous scholarly debate. While certain scholars, such as Josiah Ober, considered one of, if not the foremost scholar of Ancient Greek political theory, argue that it was Athenian imperialism which supported the structure of democracy and its institutions, others, especially Kurt Raaflaub, note that imperialism would not have been possible without the increased political participation and sanction of the demos..."
Jamal, Sheherzad. “Democracy and Imperialism: Characterizations of the Athenian Empire.” West Point Undergraduate Historical Review. Volume 13 (Spring 2023): 7-19.