The Fight for Supremacy and the Course of German History: The Battle of Königgratz as a Contributing Factor in German Unification
West Point Press
"Since the earliest accounts of the nineteenth-century German unification, historians have clashed over the explanation of this momentous event. This discussion has given rise to a rich set of historical literature dealing with the factors that aided in the formation of modern Germany. While many factors were involved in the formation of the German nation-state and German national consciousness, recent scholarship has highlighted that the two did not emerge simultaneously. Rather, the political, economic and military unification in 1871 preceded the full development of German national identity – what Hughes calls a ‘spiritual’ unification..."
Mitchell, Cody. “The Fight for Supremacy and the Course of German History: The Battle of Königgratz as a Contributing Factor in German Unification.” West Point Undergraduate Historical Review. Volume 12 (Spring 2022): 141-156.