Transformation Under Fire: A Historical Case Study with Modern Parallels
United States Army War College Press
The ideas of military transformation have been percolating within the U.S. military for more than a decade. Proponents of both “net-centric” and “fourth-generation” warfare have been arguing for speciﬁc force constructs to meet what they perceive to be the unique demands of a new type of war. The heavy demands of current operations add to the pressure to bring some kind of closure to this debate. In this Letort Paper, Major Raymond Kimball, a veteran of both peacekeeping operations and high-intensity warfare, examines the case of the Red Army, which attempted similar military transformation under ﬁre during the Russian Civil War. He argues that many of what were intended to be temporary ﬁxes became permanent and deﬁning institutions of the force, and a myopic ﬁxation on one type of enemy had disastrous results when ﬁghting a very different foe. He cautions against similar errors perhaps pending in our own transformational processes.
Books, book chapters
Kimball, Raymond A. Major, "Transformation Under Fire: A Historical Case Study with Modern Parallels" (2007).